Overview Of Toilet Types And Design
Human created and designed different types of toilets according to their needs. The types used varied from place to place. In general, all type of toilets will have two holes, one for Inlet another one for outlet. Inlet will be connected to the water line to flush the water down to the bowl. The outlet will be connected to drainage. The outlet will flush out the waste from the bowl to drainage. This article will cover all 10 types of toilets available around the world. Like any other invention on this world, toilets are also invented and modernized by humans. Here we listed types of toilets according to the shape and function of the toilets.
According to the user using position, we can divide toilets into two types:
- European or Western Waters closet also known as WC/EWC (Toilet designed to sit).
- Squatting pan (Toilet is designed to squat).
First and foremost, we are going to discuss about the first type – WC – toilet created to sit. This kind of toilets has many styles, shapes, sizes and colors and design, etc. So, let take a closer look!
Water Efficient Toilet:
We put this type of toilet to go first to ensure everyone going to chose this kind of toilets. It will help to save water everytime we flush it. The design of the toilet bowl and the trap way help you to flush the waste with less water. Nowadays, the new design toilets which use only 2 liters/0.58 US gallons. This kind of toilet will have a greater impact on the future. This does not only save the future generation but you an also imagine how much energy you need to pump this much of water, how much water you can save per day and per year and for your own bugget (water bills).
Water efficiency of this toilet is achieved by reducing the diameter of the drain size and also a bend design helps to produce the vacuum when the water flows through it.
WC health is a unique design by guralvit, a turkey sanitaryware manufacturing company. The WC is designed by combining Water closet comfort and Squatting pan health benefit. This design won red dot design award in 2012. The weight of this product is about 40 kilograms. The sitting height from ground is around 22 cm up to 25 cm, nearly half of the normal height from the ground when compared to the normal one will be around 50 cm to 56 cm from the ground. This product is coated with antibacterial glaze.
European or Western Water Closet:
WC or EWC are designed to sit in a toilet. This kind of toilets comes with seat & cover. When flushing, the cover needs to be closed. A Western Style toilet will be linked with a flush tank for flushing after usage. Flush tank may made by plastic or ceramic. A small amount of water will be trapped inside the toilet itself by water seal, normally this water seal height will be 5cm. Normal water closet is open rim because the flushing tanks are high in position so flushing will be effective. The height of European water closets is around 50 to 55cm. The weight of WC will vary from 12 kilograms to 20 kilograms according to the design. All water closet must with stand a maximum of 400 kilograms without breaking.
Types of Water Closet Toilets:
The Standard Water closet can be classified according to the Trap design (Types of water closet):
1. S Trap types of Water Closet (EWC).
2. P Trap types of Water Closet (EWC).
Choosing between ‘S’ or ‘P’ trap water closet: Trap design is important when setting up a toilet. Normally S trap will be used in ground floor installation as piping can be done below ground level and the P trap will be installed in top floors because installation of pipe line under the toilet will be difficult.
This water closet can be also classified according to the mounting system (Type of water closet):
1. Floor mounted types of toilets.
2. Wall-hung types of toilets.
If the toilet can be installed on the floor then it is known as floor mount water closet. Floor fixing hole is provided in this kind of floor mount toilets. Beside that, Wall-hung toilets will be fixed in the wall by fixing the hole in the toilet. Normally floor mount toilet will come in both ‘P’ and ‘S’ Trap but the wall mount model toilet just go with ‘P’ Trap. Seat cover used in water closet toilet can be classified into two types: one is hard to close and another one is soft close. If the falling of seat cover is hard with sound then the seat cover is known as a hard close seat cover. If the seat cover falls slow with out any noise then it is known as soft close seat cover.
Another way to classify the water closet is the visibility of trap way:
1. Concealed trap way.
2. Visible trap way.
In the concealed type of toilets the trap will not be visible, it will be covered by the design itself. The cost of concealed trap toilet will be more expensive than the visible trapway toilet. According to the bowl design, toilets can be divided into 4 types:
1. Round bowl toilet. The snub-nose bowl design fits smaller spaces. The round-front was the only shape made before the advent of the elongated toilet.
2. Square bowl toilet.
3. Elongated bowl toilet. It is roughly oval in shape. Their key benefit is added length. Most are around 2 inches longer than a round bowl, around 18 inches altogether. The extra length makes the toilet seat more comfortable and spacious.
4. Rectangular bowl toilet.
Tankless toilets. Instead of using a tank to hold water and clear waste, a tankless toilet uses water directly from a supply line connected to the toilet bowl. In cases where there may not be enough forceful pressure to clear the bowl, such as in most single-family homes, the flush is helped along with pumps or other devices.
Two-piece toilets. This is a traditional model that have two main parts are tank and bowl which make handling easier, especially for DIY project (Do It Yourself) and for setting a toilet into tight spaces. The water inlet hole and the bolts used to fasten the tank to the bowl are sealed and the seam between the two pieces is sealed with rubber gaskets. While the gaskets are good for years of service, they will finally broken and causing leaks. Replacing the gaskets can be a trouble because the bolts and nuts tend to rust and "freeze" requiring you to cut it down.
One-piece toilets. This style of toilet help you to remove the seam between tank and bowl. The result is a sleek design with no crevices to trap dirt. It is tend to be more expensive than comparable two-piece models. The weight of the one piece toilet will be around 38Kgs to 50Kgs. One piece toilet will be available in ‘S’ and ‘P’ Trap model. It will be only designed as a closed rim only. The water pressure required to flush out the waste will be produced by the closed rim model. Problem of leakage is very less in this kind of toilet but the cost will be higher than the two-piece.
Squatting Pan - the classic type of toilet. Nowadays, this kind of toilet is replaced by modern water closet which gives you more comfortable and also gives more health complaint. It is proven that squatting pan toilets are much healthier than European water closet. It is called in many name as Indian pan, Orissa pan and also Asian pan toilet. These squatting pans have amount of designs and varying design country to country. Squatting pan normally used in Asian countries. Indian, Chinese & Japanese squatting pan greatly difference in design. These types of toilets are comparatively cheaper than the water closet type toilets.
It will not be directly connected to the drainage pipeline because the bad order will come in toilets. So squatting pan will be connected to the drain pipe by using an ‘S’ trap or ‘P’ trap. This trap will avoid escape of waste from drain line by a water seal. Water seal of the squatting pan will be maintained by the trap. But in water closets the design itself will maintain a water level to seal the waste escape from the drain pipe line. Types of squatting pant toilets:
1. Standard squatting pan.
2. Sleek model squatting pan.
3. Squatting pan without foot rest.
4. Squatting pan separate foot rest.
Anglo (Indian Type Toilet) - a combination of squatting pan Indian and western water closet style toilets. You can both squat and sit in this toilet if you like. These types of toilets are brought when people get confusion about the type of toilet they want to go with the squatting or western one. This toilet is also called as combination toilet and universal toilet.
It is available in ‘S’ and ’P’ trap as well and only available in Floor mount model. This toilet also goes with an plastic seat cover. You need to attach a plastic tank or a concealed tank for this model of toilets for flushing.
Just for Men. Few home fixtures are designed specifically for a man - a urinal is one of them. Urinals are enjoying a minor surge in popularity in homes where bathrooms are large enough to accommodate them. Most are equipped with ultra-low consumption flushes that save water. Equipped with an automatic flush sensor, a urinal costs about $500 to $1,200.
Elderly toilet - designed such a way that elder people can easily sit and rise. The pedestal height of the toilet is higher than the normal water closet, it is about 70cm.
Kid’s toilet - specially designed toilet for kinds. The size of the toilet is smaller so it can be used for your children, especially under the age of 12. A seat covers are coming such a way that even children can sit on normal water closet.
Smart Toilet - An intelligent type of toilet:
This is the newest in this line. What is smart toilet? A specially designed ceramic toilet is attached to the electronic seat cover. All functionally of the smart toilet are depends upon the seat cover. It goes with a remote to set functions and parameters. Some of the features of this smart toilet can be namely:
- Automatic seat cover opening by sensors which sense human approaches near to the toilet. It can even disgust between men and women.
- It can also automatically open & close and UV cleaning facility.
- Temperature and pressure of the water and position of the water jet can be controlled.
- Plays pre-set lyrics automatically when someone approaches.
- User functionality can be saved.
- Inbuilt warm air drier and temperature can be set as per user input.
- Dual flush, eco flush or full flush option.
Squatty-Potty Toilet - a method of using toilet.
In general, this is not a type of toilet. Health problem appear when using a European water closet so a ceramic stand will be kept where the leg is placed in water closet. Then the angle of sitting will be nearly equal to squatting, so the health problems are reduced.
Tornado Toilet. This is also a new model of a water closet. The design will allow you to flush and clean at the same time while flushing. The water will be circled in the water closet that allows to flush and clean the toilet easily (only possible in round shape toilets)
Rim less Toilet - the new technology. Duravit demonstrates how geometry, fluid mechanics and design can be successfully combined for maximum efficiency. Thanks to the open, easily accessible rim area, the bowl is particularly easy to keep clean and this reduces cleaning times considerably. It allows you to prevent corner in the rim area of toilet. It has been established in the wall hung water closet which are on oval or round shape. A small step will be given below the rim to make the flushing more effectively. In the future, we may expect this model in one-piece toilet as well as other types of toilets. Nowadays, many companies trying to introduce this model, we may expect to see it more in market soon.
Flushing Power Option.
- Gravity-fed toilets. As the name, these toilets rely on the natural force of gravity to dump water from the toilet tank into the bowl which in turn creates a siphon action that sucks wastes down into the sewer line. These tried-and-true workhorses generally perform well in all situations.
- Pressure-assisted toilets. It has sealed internal tanks. When these tanks fill with water, air pressure builds up. When released during a flush, the force of this pressure creates a blast of water that helps evacuate waste from the bowl. The resulting noise can be loud, though recently manufacturers have taken steps to reduce noise in pressure-assisted flush models. It require at least 25 pounds per square inch of pressure in your water lines to work properly. If you are not sure, you can buy an inexpensive ($10) water pressure gauge at a hardware store. Stick it to an outdoor spigot to measure water pressure.
- Power-assisted toilets - use a small horsepower electric motor to introduce air pressure into a sealed tank. The tank holds a prescribed amount of water (1.6 gallons or less) - that is expelled under pressure to clear waste from the bowl.
- High-efficiency toilets generate a powerful flush with a minimum amount of water, usually about 1.28 gallons per flush or less. The term can apply to any type of flushing action.
- Dual-flush toilets. These water-efficient models encourage "conscious flushing" by requiring you to select either a low-water (0.8 to 1.2 gpf) flush for liquid waste or a full-fledged 1.6-gallon flush for solid waste.
Seating Options. The toilet seat is where the rubber meets the road. When choosing a new toilet seat, be sure it is configured to fit your toilet. Consider these non-traditional choices below:
- Slamless lids close gently and quietly, avoiding seats from crashing onto the toilet bowl.
- Antimicrobial coatings inhibit the growth of bacteria and fungi, reducing molds, mildew and odors. The primary active ingredients are silver compounds that are stable, inert, harmless to humans and will not wash away.
- Quick-release hinges let you take out the entire seat for easy cleaning, a sensible convenience.
- Heated seats use low-voltage heating elements to gently warm up the seat. Thermostatic controls keep the seat at your optimum comfort level.
- Bidet-style seats add the cleansing power of a bidet that retrofits onto your existing toilet. Some bidet seats are feature-packed with pre-heated water, dual jets (front and back), air-drying and even motion-activated lighting that serves as a find-your-way-in-the-dark night light.
Color options. Color choices lean toward the conservative. There are stages of beige, along with airy blues, greens and black for that executive sensibility. No matter what, more than 90 percent of all toilets sold in the United States are white. You can prevent having your color choice go out of style if you simply pair basic white with a colored toilet seat.
Flush Handle Option - The last toilet design elements to consider is flush handle type and location. Your options include:
- Wall location - A button is located on the wall. These are usually used only for wall-hung toilets.
- Touchless - A motion sensor is installed on the toilet (usually on top of the tank). Wave your hand in front of it to flush.
- Remote - Flush the toilet by pressing a button on a touch-screen control pad or remote control
- Side location - A lever or button is located on the right or left side of the tank.
- Top location - A button is located on top of the tank. Most dual-flush toilets use two top-located buttons for flushing.
To conclusion, even though there are only two types of toilets (Modern and Classic) are there, it is further classified according to its functionality, usability and designs. Now you have seen every types of toilets and designs and understand how these toilets are classified. . We hope that we are successful to make you widen your knowledge about your toilet. Last but not least, keep in mind the important things we have mentioned above to make your toilet is the best one. If you have anything to ask or to add, feel free to comment in the section below and we will answer you one by one!